WASHINGTON - The number of Hispanic students in the nation's public
schools nearly doubled from 1990 to 2006, accounting for 60% of the total
growth in public school enrollments over that period. Presently, 10 million
Hispanic students attend the nation's public schools, 20% of all public
In 2006 Hispanics were about half of all public school students in California, up from 36% in 1990. They were more than 40% of enrollments in three additional states (Arizona, New Mexico and Texas) and between 20% and 40% of all public school students in five states (Nevada, Colorado, Illinois, Florida and New York). Overall, Hispanics are the largest minority group in the public schools in 22 states.
Strong growth in Hispanic enrollment is expected to continue for decades, according to a recently released U.S. Census Bureau population projection. In 2050, there will be more school-age Hispanic children than school-age non-Hispanic white children.
In order to illuminate this growing group of public school students, the Pew Hispanic Center today releases "One-in-Five and Growing Fast: A Profile of Hispanic Public School Students," a statistical portrait of the demographic, language, and family background characteristics of the nation's 10 million Hispanic public school students.
Key findings from the report:
- The vast majority of Hispanic public school students (84%) were born in the United States.
- Seven-in-ten (70%) Hispanic students speak a language other than English at home.
- Nearly one-in-five (18%) of all Hispanic students speak English with difficulty.
- Nearly three-in-five Hispanic students (57%) live in households with both of their parents compared with 69% of non-Hispanic white students and 30% of non-Hispanic black students.
- More than seven-in-ten U.S. born Hispanic students of immigrant parents (71%) live with both parents. Smaller shares of foreign-born students (58%) and U.S.-born students of native parentage (48%) reside with both parents.
- More than a quarter of Hispanic students (28%) live in poverty, compared with 16% of non-Hispanic students. In comparison, more than a third of non-Hispanic black students (35%) reside in poverty and about one-in-ten non-Hispanic white students live in a poor household.
- Foreign-born Hispanic students (35%) are more likely than their native-born counterparts (27%) to live in poverty.