Facts about Hispanics in the U.S.
Interesting facts from the Census and other Surveys:
_ About 1 of every two people added to the nation's population between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, was Hispanic. There were 1.4 million Hispanics added to the population over the period.
_ Percentage increase in the Hispanic population between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, making Hispanics the fastest-growing minority group.
_ The projected Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2050 is 102.6 millioin. According to this projection, Hispanics will constitute 24 percent of the nation's total population by that date.
_ The nation's Hispanic population during the 1990 census was 22.4 million -- just slightly over half the current total. As of 2005, the US ranked 3rd in Hispanic population count. Only Mexico (106.2 million) and Colombia (43 million) had larger Hispanic populations than did the United States (42.7 million). (Spain had a population of 40.3 million.)
_ Sixty-four percent of Hispanic-origin people in households are of Mexican background. Another 9 percent are of Puerto Rican background, with 3.5 percent Cuban, 3 percent Salvadoran and 2.7 percent Dominican. The remainder are of some other Central American, South American or other Hispanic or Latino origin.
_ The median age of the Hispanic population in 2006 is 27.4, as compared with 36.4 years for the population as a whole.
_ Forty-eight percent of the US Hispanic-origin population lives in California or Texas. California is home to 13.1 million Hispanics, and Texas is home to 8.4 million.
_ Fifteen states reported at least a half million Hispanic residents. They are Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas and Washington.
_ Forty-four percent of New Mexico's population is Hispanic, the highest of any state. Hispanics also make up more than a quarter of the population in California and Texas, at 36 percent each, and Arizona (29 percent).
_ There are 4.7 million Hispanics in Los Angeles County, Calif. -- the largest of any county in the nation.
_ Texas' Hispanic population increased by 305,000 between July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, putting Texas in front of all states. California (283,000), Florida (161,000) and Arizona (102,000) also recorded large increases.
_ Twenty-two states report Hispanics as their largest minority group. These states are: Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington and Wyoming.
_ The number of Hispanic-owned businesses in 2002 was 1.6 million, triple the rate of growth of Hispanic-owned businesses between 1997 and 2002 (31 percent) compared with the national average (10 percent) for all businesses. Those same businesses reported revenues for 2002 of $222 billion, up 19% from 1997. Approximately 45% of all Hispanic-owned firms were owned by Mexicans, Mexican-Americans and Chicanos.
_ 29,168 Hispanic-owned firms had receipts of $1 million or more.
_ 43 percent of Hispanic-owned firms operated in the construction industory, administrative and support, waste management and remediation services, and other services such as personal services, and repair and maintenance.
_ Retail and wholesale trade accounted for 36 percent of Hispanic-owned business revenue.
_ States with the fastest rates of growth for Hispanic-owned firms between 1997 and 2002 included New York (57 percent), Georgia and Rhode Island (56 percent each), and Nevada and South Carolina (48 percent each).
_ Counties with the highest number of Hispanic-owned firms were Los Angeles County (188,422), Miami-Dade County (163,187); and Harris County, Texas (61,934).
_ There were 9.9 million Hispanic family households in the United States in 2006. Of these households, 62 percent included children younger than 18.
_ 7.6 million Hispanic citizens reported voting in the 2004 presidential election. The percentage of Hispanic citizens voting -- about 47 percent -- did not change statistically from four years earlier.
_ 1.1 million Hispanics are veterans of the U.S. armed forces.